Sordera súbita

Tratamiento de la sordera súbita

Anteriormente hemos hablado en nuestro blog de la sordera súbita, de en qué consistía, a que edades salía afectar, la pruebas que eran necesareas para su diagnóstico y de qué podía venir acompañado esa pérdida auditiva, como era los vértigos y acúfenos. Si no lo leíste pincha aquí para hacerlo.

Hoy en nuestro blog de Audiología Marbella seguiremos hablando de las causas que lo pueden provocar, de su tratamiento y diagnóstico.

Existen muchas causas relacionadas con la sordera súbita

Dentro de las cuales podemos encontrar:

Infecciones víricas: uno de cada cuatro pacientes refieren haber tenido una infección respiratoria importante en el último mes antes de que apareciera la sordera súbita.

Los virus que se asocian con la sordera súbita son el sarampión, la rubéola, paperas, sífilis, meningitis y SIDA entre otros.

Tumores: Hay varios tipos de tumores, que pueden producir sordera súbita, tanto tumores benignos como malignos.

Traumatismos craneoencefálico, que afecte a las células pilosas, el tímpano o huesecillos de la cadena del oído medio. Baurotrauma, esfuerzo físico excesivo…

Medicamentos: son medicamentos que requieren receta, ototóxicos. Un abuso de ellos de forma crónica puede producir sordera súbita.

Problemas de circulación sanguínea.

Alteraciones metabólicas.

Alteraciones hematológicas.

Alteraciones nuerológicas.

Alteraciones inmunológicas.


Idiopática (causas desconocida).

A pesar de una búsqueda exhaustiva de posibles causas en la aparición de la sordera súbita, en la mayoría de los casos, un 70%, desafortunadamente no se encuentra ninguna.

Tratamiento de la sordera súbita

Se ha visto que un tercio de los pacientes recuperan la audición de manera espontánea.

Una vez diagnosticada la sordera súbita el tratamiento debe de empezar cuanto antes. Está basado fundamentalmente en los corticoides sistémicos, generalmente por vía oral, apoyados en los corticoides intratimpánicos como rescate. La oxigenoterapia hiperbárica también ha demostrado ser eficaz especialmente cuando se inicia en las primeras 6 semanas del inicio de los síntomas. Si quieres saber más sobre medicina hiperbarica pincha aquí.

Cada caso debe ser tratado por un especialista y de forma totalmente personalizada.

Se hará un seguimiento a la semana de empezar el tratamiento. Volviendo a repetir las audiomentrías tonal y verbal a los 15, 30 y 90 días. Y revisión anual.


Existen varios factores que favorecen a la NO recuperación de la audición.

Uno de ellos es la edad, los pacientes menores de 15 años junto con los mayores de 65 años tienen peor pronóstico.

También el no empezar el tratamiento cuanto antes, la severidad de la pérdida auditiva y la asociación de otros síntomas como vértigo hará que el pronostico sea peor.

En los casos en que la recuperación sea solo parcial o no se llegue a recuperar la audición, se puede plantear los beneficios de la adaptación de audífonos

Si quieres revisarte tu audición para saber si tienes pérdida auditiva, te haremos un examen auditivo completo gratuito. Solo tienes que dejarnos tus datos en contacto y nosotros te llamaremos. O bien puedes llamarnos el tel: +34 658316577





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